How To Nail The Software Development Team Structure?

ScienceSoft

Do you know how to nail the software development team structure for a project? In fact, it is much more difficult than just posting job offers. We will tell you how to do this correctly below.

What About Team Composition?

First, let’s discuss how to recruit employees for a software development team.

Professionals vs generalists: which approach works best?

The division into specialists and generalists is rather rough. From a practical point of view, the former option is dominated by hard skills, while the latter is dominated by soft skills. Let’s explore the pros and cons of these lineups.

“Generalists rule”

Generalists, as you understand, are characterized by extensive expertise and are capable of “both building something based on artificial intelligence and plunging into the DeFi solutions niche.” In general, you can entrust these experienced specialists with almost any task and be sure that even if they do not know how to do it now, tomorrow they will definitely figure it out. The only drawback of generalists is that it will take time for them to “dive” into a new software development niche. Therefore, in some cases, it is much easier for project managers to hire third-party highly specialized employees.

“We only have a place for specialists”

Teams made up of only highly specialized specialists are “star squads” capable of solving even the most complex problems in their areas of specialization. It would seem that such a composition has no drawbacks. In practice, things are different: if one of your star employees suddenly falls out of the cage, the workflow can stop for a long time until you find a worthy replacement. In addition, projects with such compositions should imply 90% or more independent work for each of the employees. Indeed, being competent in one area, they may not understand the basics in other areas that are important to the project. And of course, do not forget that parts of the code written by such hard specialists may not be combined with each other during the build phase. Therefore, such a composition of the software development team is rather a utopia.

What if you mix them?

Obviously, the shortcomings of both software development team compositions can be eliminated by mixing narrow-profile and wide-profile specialists. As for the newly emerging shortcomings of this approach, it will take a lot of time to competently assemble a team of such diverse professionals. Therefore, in the case of urgent projects, this approach will not work for you. And of course, do not forget to hire a good project manager, because this “mighty cruiser” will have to be steered right by someone.

Who to recruit for the team?

After you have decided on the level of qualification of the software development team, you need to figure out who should be in it at all.

Software developers

These are characters with key roles in the software development team who are directly involved in the creation of the program code of the project. When it comes to web and mobile development, here you need front-end and back-end specialists. You will also likely need to put together a separate team to configure and deploy the software on-site.

Designers

These specialists are working on the “cover” of your project – on what the user will see on the screen of his or her gadget. They are also responsible for the usability of the product, trying to make it as simple and intuitive as possible.

QA specialists

These guys are responsible for the absence of bugs in the program code – inconsistencies between the requirements for the product and its real presentation. They perform a series of tests (manual and automatic) to return the product for revision if errors are found. After making edits, the product is re-tested.

Software architect

This software development team member is much more than a software developer. This is a specialist who understands how to turn the client’s requirements into program code, how to do it as simply as possible, and what tools to use. He or she acts as a liaison between the development team and project leaders.

Project manager

The project manager is responsible for ensuring that all sub-tasks of the project are completed on time and according to the client’s project requirements. It is the project manager who communicates with the representatives of the product owner or directly with the client.

Product owner

Finally, the product owner is the customer representative who lays out the software requirements by interacting with the software development team.

How to Get Into the Bullseye with Teamwork Organization?

Now let’s figure out how to properly organize work within a software development team. Here are four key tips to help you get the best results.

Сompetent distribution of responsibilities

The first factor in the success of a software development team is a clear distribution of roles and responsibilities for each of its members. This way, you prevent uneven workloads on certain employees and, as a result, premature burnout of key team members.

Well-established communication

Regardless of how high the qualifications of your specialists are, it is extremely important to establish friendly, trusting relationships between all of them – both during work, using corporate messengers and meetings, and after hours, through entertaining corporate events. This way you will get a well-functioning integral “organism”, which has no obstacles on its way.

Competently compiled company values

Before hiring someone new, you have to make sure that the employee is fully aligned with your company’s values. It’s not just about a list of requirements for qualifications and work schedule, but also about the so-called soft skills.

Clear goal setting

Finally, each software development team member has to understand the goal they are striving for. These are not only personal benefits (career prospects, salary growth, etc.) but also global benefits for the company as a whole (for example, entering the global IT arena, etc.).

Final Thoughts

As you can see, in order to create a “dream team” it is not enough just to recruit employees by an ad. This is a much more complex and meticulous process that does not end with the hiring of all software development team members. In any case, you now have a guide, and all you need to do is just use it in practice.

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